Kedokteran SARAF Neurologi


Behavioral Neurology and Dementia

Alzheimer Disease
Alzheimer Disease in Down Syndrome
Apraxia and Related Syndromes
Bipolar Affective Disorder
Borderline Personality Disorder
Cocaine-Related Psychiatric Disorders
Conversion Disorders
Dementia in Motor Neuron Disease
Dementia With Lewy Bodies
Dysthymic Disorder
Failure to Thrive in Elderly Adults
Frontal Lobe Syndromes
Frontotemporal Dementia and Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration
Huntington Disease Dementia
Mild Cognitive Impairment
Neurological Manifestations of Uremic Encephalopathy
Neurological Manifestations of Vascular Dementia
Panic Disorder
Pick Disease
Schizoaffective Disorder
Sleep Disorders
Somatic Symptom Disorders
Spatial Neglect
Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

Computer Applications in Neurology

Medical Informatics in Neurology
Motor and Cognitive Performance Modification Using Visual-Haptic Interfaces

Critical Care Neurology

Degenerative Disk Disease
Epidural Hematoma
Neurologic Complications of Organ Transplantation
Subdural Hematoma

Electroencephalography and Evoked Potentials

Abnormal Neonatal EEG
Ambulatory EEG
Clinical Applications of Somatosensory Evoked Potentials
Clinical Utility of Evoked Potentials
EEG in Brain Tumors
EEG in Common Epilepsy Syndromes
EEG in Dementia and Encephalopathy
EEG in Status Epilepticus
EEG Triphasic Waves
EEG Video Monitoring
Epileptiform Discharges
Focal EEG Waveform Abnormalities
General Principles of Somatosensory Evoked Potentials
Generalized EEG Waveform Abnormalities
Motor Evoked Potentials
Normal EEG Variants
Normal EEG Waveforms
Visual Analysis of Neonatal EEG

Electroencephalography Atlas

EEG Artifacts
Encephalopathic EEG Patterns
Epileptiform Normal Variants on EEG
Focal (Nonepileptic) Abnormalities on EEG
Generalized Epilepsies on EEG
Localization-Related Epilepsies on EEG
Normal Awake EEG
Normal Sleep EEG

Electromyography and Nerve Conduction Studies

Assessment of Neuromuscular Transmission
Femoral Mononeuropathy
Median Neuropathy
Meralgia Paresthetica
Motor Unit Recruitment in EMG
Peroneal Mononeuropathy
Radial Mononeuropathy
Ulnar Neuropathy

Headache and Pain

Chronic Paroxysmal Hemicrania
Cluster Headache
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in Emergency Medicine
Complex Regional Pain Syndromes
Diagnosis and Management of Cervical Spondylosis
Intradiscal Electrothermal Therapy
Laser Discectomy
Low Back Pain and Sciatica
Migraine Headache
Migraine Variants
Migraine-Associated Vertigo
Muscle Contraction Tension Headache
Neurologic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
Percutaneous Vertebroplasty
Persistent Idiopathic Facial Pain
Postherpetic Neuralgia
Raeder Paratrigeminal Syndrome
Temporomandibular Disorders
Therapeutic Injections for Pain Management
Trigeminal Neuralgia

Inflammatory and Demyelinating Diseases

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis
Bell Palsy
Bell Palsy Empiric Therapy
Bell Palsy Organism-Specific Therapy
CNS Lupus
Diffuse Sclerosis
Marchiafava-Bignami Disease
Multiple Sclerosis
Portal-Systemic Encephalopathy
Primary Angiitis of the CNS
Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome
Wegener Granulomatosis Neuropathy
Wernicke Encephalopathy

Introductory Topics

Cauda Equina and Conus Medullaris Syndromes
Neurologic Disease and Pregnancy
Spinal Cord Trauma and Related Diseases

Movement and Neurodegenerative Diseases

Ataxia with Identified Genetic and Biochemical Defects
Atlantoaxial Instability
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
Chorea Gravidarum
Chorea in Adults
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
CNS Causes of Vertigo
Cortical Basal Ganglionic Degeneration
Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson Disease
Esophageal Spasm
Essential Tremor
Foot Drop
Friedreich Ataxia
Hallervorden-Spatz Disease
Huntington Disease
Idiopathic Orthostatic Hypotension and other Autonomic Failure Syndromes
Laryngeal Tremor
Motion Sickness
Multiple System Atrophy
Neuroacanthocytosis Syndromes
Neuromuscular Scoliosis
Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus
Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy
Parkinson Disease
Parkinson-Plus Syndromes
Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease
Primary Torsion Dystonia
Progressive Supranuclear Palsy
Spondylolisthesis, Spondylolysis, and Spondylosis
Stereotactic Surgery in Parkinson Disease
Striatonigral Degeneration
Surgery for Morton Neuroma
Tardive Dyskinesia
Vitamin B-12 Associated Neurological Diseases


Carotid Ultrasound
Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Acute Stroke
Neuroimaging in Epilepsy
PET Scanning in Autism Spectrum Disorders


Benign Skull Tumors
Brain Metastasis
Brainstem Gliomas
Central Nervous System Germinoma
Dizziness, Vertigo, and Imbalance
Glioblastoma Multiforme
Intratemporal Tumors of the Facial Nerve
Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis
Low-Grade Astrocytoma
Neurologic Manifestations of Ependymoma
Neurologic Manifestations of Glioblastoma Multiforme
Paraneoplastic Autonomic Neuropathy
Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration
Paraneoplastic Encephalomyelitis
Paraneoplastic Syndromes
Pituitary Tumors
Primary CNS Lymphoma
Primary Malignant Skull Tumors
Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors of the Central Nervous System
Radiation Necrosis
Secondary CNS Melanomas
Spinal Metastasis


Abducens Nerve Palsy
Adult Optic Neuritis
Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
Aphakic Pupillary Block
Apraxia of Lid Opening
Ataxia-Telangiectasia in Ophthalmology
Brown Syndrome
Childhood Optic Neuritis
Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia
Compressive Optic Neuropathy
Crystalline Dystrophy
Diffuse Unilateral Subacute Neuroretinitis
Duane Syndrome
Fuchs Endothelial Dystrophy
Granular Corneal Dystrophy
Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension
Lattice Corneal Dystrophy
Macular Corneal Dystrophy
Map-dot-fingerprint Dystrophy
Oculocerebrorenal Syndrome
Oculomotor Nerve Palsy
Optic Atrophy
Pseudophakic Pupillary Block
Sphenoid Wing Meningioma
Terson Syndrome
Toxic/Nutritional Optic Neuropathy
Trochlear Nerve Palsy


Acoustic Neuroma
Auditory Neuropathy
Bilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis
Central Vertigo
CSF Otorrhea
Dynamic Reanimation for Facial Paralysis
Genetic Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Meniere Disease (Idiopathic Endolymphatic Hydrops)
Neurologic Manifestations of Benign Positional Vertigo
Posttraumatic Vertigo
Spasmodic Dysphonia
Surgical Treatment of Meniere Disease
Syndromic Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis


Electroconvulsive Therapy
Urologic Management in Neurologic Disease

Neuro-vascular Diseases

Acute Management of Stroke
Anterior Circulation Stroke
Arteriovenous Malformations
Basilar Artery Thrombosis
Blood Dyscrasias and Stroke
CADASIL (Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy With Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy)
Cardioembolic Stroke
Caroticocavernous Fistula
Cavernous Sinus Syndromes
Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy
Cerebral Aneurysms
Cerebral Vasospasm After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Cerebral Venous Thrombosis
Dissection Syndromes
Fabry Disease
Fibromuscular Dysplasia
Foix-Alajouanine Syndrome
Genetic and Inflammatory Mechanisms in Stroke
Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia in Stroke
Hypertensive Encephalopathy
Lacunar Syndrome
Mechanical Thrombolysis in Acute Stroke
MELAS – Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathy, Lactic Acidosis, Strokelike Episodes
Methylmalonic Acidemia
Neuro-ophthalmic Manifestations of Vascular Eye Diseases
Neuroprotective Agents in Stroke
Posterior Cerebral Artery Stroke
Reperfusion Injury in Stroke
Stroke Anticoagulation and Prophylaxis
Stroke Team Creation and Primary Stroke Center Certification
Thrombolytic Therapy in Stroke
Transient Global Amnesia
Vascular Malformations of the Spinal Cord
Vertebral Artery Atherothrombosis
Vertebrobasilar Atherothrombotic Disease

Neurological Emergencies

Altitude Illness – Cerebral Syndromes
C1 Fractures
Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis
Cerebellar Hemorrhage
Chance Fracture
Head Injury
Intracranial Hemorrhage
Lower Cervical Spine Fractures and Dislocations
Lumbar Spine Fractures and Dislocations
Myxedema Coma or Crisis
Postconcussive Syndrome
Spinal Cord Hemorrhage
Spinal Cord Infarction
Spinal Dislocations
Status Epilepticus
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Thoracic Spine Fractures and Dislocations

Neurological Infections

Acute and Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy in HIV
Aseptic Meningitis
Brain Abscess
California Encephalitis
Central Nervous System Complications in HIV
Central Nervous System Lymphoma in HIV
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
CNS Cryptococcosis in HIV
CNS Toxoplasmosis in HIV
CNS Whipple Disease
Cytomegalovirus Encephalitis in HIV
Eastern Equine Encephalitis
Haemophilus Meningitis
Herpes Simplex Encephalitis
HIV Encephalopathy and AIDS Dementia Complex
HIV-Associated Distal Painful Sensorimotor Polyneuropathy
HIV-Associated Multiple Mononeuropathies
HIV-Associated Vacuolar Myelopathy
Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Viruses
Infectious Myositis
Intracranial Epidural Abscess
Japanese Encephalitis
Leprosy Neuropathy
Meningitis in HIV
Meningococcal Meningitis
Naegleria Infection
Neuroimaging in Neurocysticercosis
Neurological Sequelae of Infectious Endocarditis
Neuromuscular and Myopathic Complications of HIV
Prion-Related Diseases
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy in HIV
Progressive Polyradiculopathy in HIV
Ramsay Hunt Syndrome
Spinal Epidural Abscess
St. Louis Encephalitis
Staphylococcal Meningitis
Subdural Empyema
Tropical Myeloneuropathies
Tuberculous Meningitis
Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease and Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis
Viral Encephalitis
Viral Meningitis
West Nile Encephalitis
Western Equine Encephalitis

Neuromuscular Diseases

Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Autonomic Neuropathy
Charcot-Marie-Tooth and Other Hereditary Motor and Sensory Neuropathies
Chiari Malformation
Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy
Emergent Treatment of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Emergent Treatment of Myasthenia Gravis
Focal Muscular Atrophies
Hemifacial Spasm
Hereditary Neuropathies of the Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Type
Inclusion Body Myositis
Kennedy Disease
Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome (LEMS)
Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy
Metabolic Myopathies
Metabolic Neuropathy
Multifocal Motor Neuropathy With Conduction Blocks
Myasthenia Gravis
Myasthenia Gravis and Pregnancy
Nutritional Neuropathy
Periodic Paralyses
Pes Cavus
Primary Lateral Sclerosis
Schwartz-Jampel Syndrome
Stiff Person Syndrome
Traumatic Peripheral Nerve Lesions
Vasculitic Neuropathy


3-Quinuclidinyl Benzilate Poisoning
Agent 15 Poisoning
Alcohol (Ethanol) Related Neuropathy
Anticholinergic Toxicity
Cannabinoid Poisoning
CBRNE – Nerve Agents, Binary – GB2, VX2
CBRNE – Nerve Agents, G-series – Tabun, Sarin, Soman
CBRNE – Nerve Agents, V-series – Ve, Vg, Vm, Vx
Central Pontine Myelinolysis
Lead Toxicity
Mercury Toxicity
Methanol Toxicity
Neurologic Effects of Caffeine
Neurologic Effects of Cocaine
Neurological Manifestations of Arsenic Intoxication
Opioids/Benzodiazepines Poisoning
Organic Solvents
Pathophysiology and Etiology of Lead Toxicity
Ricin Exposure
Toxic Neuropathy
Uremic Encephalopathy
Uremic Neuropathy

Pediatric Neurology

Acquired Epileptic Aphasia
Atlantoaxial Instability in Down Syndrome
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Benign Childhood Epilepsy
Benign Neonatal Convulsions
Cerebral Palsy
Childhood Migraine Variants
Chorea in Children
Churg-Strauss Disease
Congenital Muscular Dystrophy
Congenital Myopathies
Cutaneous Ectopic Brain
Determination of Brain Death in Children
Disorders of Carbohydrate Metabolism
Dopamine-Responsive Dystonia
Down Syndrome
Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy
Epileptic and Epileptiform Encephalopathies
Facioscapulohumeral Dystrophy
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy
Idiopathic Scoliosis
Infantile Scoliosis
Infantile Spasm (West Syndrome)
Inherited Metabolic Disorders Overview
Intellectual Disability
Klippel-Feil Syndrome
Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome
Lesch-Nyhan Disease
Lysosomal Storage Disease
Menkes Disease
Migraine in Children
Mobius Syndrome
Moyamoya Disease
Myoclonic Epilepsy Beginning in Infancy or Early Childhood
Neonatal Injuries in Child Abuse
Neonatal Meningitis
Neonatal Seizures
Neural Tube Defects
Neurofibromatosis Type 1
Neurofibromatosis Type 2
Neurologic Manifestations of Incontinentia Pigmenti
Neurologic Manifestations of Xeroderma Pigmentosum
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinoses
Orthostatic Intolerance
Pediatric Craniosynostosis
Pediatric Febrile Seizures
Pediatric First Seizure
Pediatric Guillain-Barre Syndrome
Pediatric Headache
Pediatric Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension
Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis
Peroxisomal Disorders
Propionic Acidemia
Spinal Muscular Atrophy
Sturge-Weber Syndrome
Tourette Syndrome and Other Tic Disorders
Tuberous Sclerosis
Vein of Galen Malformation

Seizures and Epilepsy

Absence Seizures
Antiepileptic Drugs
Complex Partial Seizures
Epilepsia Partialis Continua
Epilepsy and Seizures
Epilepsy and the Autonomic Nervous System
First Adult Seizure
Frontal Lobe Epilepsy
Generalized Tonic-Clonic Seizures
Identification of Potential Epilepsy Surgery Candidates
Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy
Outcome of Epilepsy Surgery
Partial Epilepsies
Posttraumatic Epilepsy
Psychiatric Disorders Associated With Epilepsy
Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures
Reflex Epilepsy
Simple Partial Seizures
Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy
Symptomatic Generalized Epilepsy
Temporal Lobe Epilepsy
Vagus Nerve Stimulation
Women’s Health and Epilepsy

Sleep-Related Diseases

Geriatric Sleep Disorder
Normal Sleep, Sleep Physiology, and Sleep Deprivation
Periodic Limb Movement Disorder
Primary Insomnia
REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
Restless Legs Syndrome
Sleep Dysfunction in Women
Sleep Stage Scoring
Sleeplessness and Circadian Rhythm Disorder

Specialized Neurodiagnostic Tests

Bedside Ultrasonography for Lumbar Puncture
Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Acute Stroke
Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Tap